REVOX A77

Professional Tape Recorders


REVOX A77
Professional

The well-known reliability of the Revox A77 is a result of a professional design concept, a concept which successfully combines the advantages of a solidly constructed tape transport mechanism with the advantages of an advanced electronic circuit design. A 3-motor transport mechanism with electronically regulated capstan motor and solenoid operated servo-brakes possesses few parts which are subject to mechanical wear. The use of a diecast motor chassis and head support ensures that a high degree of mechanical precision and long term stability are maintained, even under excessively heavy use. The mechanical and electronic properties thus complement each other in a most successful way.

Rugged 3-Motor Tape Drive

with its 3 motors on a solid die-cast chassis, the A77 possesses the basic design features of a professional tape recorder. Due to the direct drive principle, there are no friction wheels, clutches or belts needed. This makes for a mechanically simple drive system with only a few movable parts. Thus, wear is reduced to a minimum, a point of vital importance for the long life of a tape recorder.

By using this 3-motor principle, each function has been optimized. The spooling motors are designed to cope with normal tape tension and high speed winding, which can be made very fast even with 10.5 inch reels, while the capstan motor is solely responsible for the linear forward motion of the magnetic tape.

Electronically Regulated Capstan Motor

Uniform motor speed - and with it even tape motion - does not rely on utilizing the power line frequency, but is controlled instead by an internal electronic regulating system. Tape speed is thus stable and to a high degree independent of any variation in power line voltage or frequency. Therefore, the A77 may also be used by driving it from batteries (via an inverter with sine wave output) and nothing whatsoever has to be changed when moving from a 50 Hz to a 60 Hz electric supply area or vice versa. The change of tape speed is also achieved electronically, free of any mechanically wearing parts, and free of any influence on the characteristics of the tape drive mechanism.

Electronic Control of Tape Drive Functions

All functions of the tape drive mechanism are controlled by a simple relay logic. This makes possible soft "finger touch" switching, as well as remote control of all operating modes. Solenoid activated servo-brakes ensure safe and positive stopping of the tape even from the highest winding speed.

Modular Amplifier Circuitry

The audio electronics of the A77 offer the following typical characteristics: extremely low distortion; high signal to noise ratio; linear response and exact equalization characteristics. All amplifier boards plug in for easy servicing. Only the combination of these properties makes for a recorder of outstanding quality.
Two input channels may be switched separately to work from either low or high impedance microphones or from other sound sources as well. Two microphones may be connected directly to the front panel or to the socket strip on the rear. Separate input controls for each channel permit the mixing of two monophonic signals, or the exact balancing of stereophonic recordings and two precisely calibrated ASA VU-meters ensure accurate modulation of the recording tape.

REVODUR Sound Heads

The REVODUR sound heads have improved magnetic characteristics and a much higher life expectancy. Consistent quality is thus assured since STUDER REVOX designs and builds their own magnetic heads.

Exact Calibration

Separate calibration controls for each speed and channel permit precise bias and equalization adjustments of the A77. This forms the basis for the excellent recording characteristics of all A77 recorders, because our published specifications are minimum values, which must be met by each and every recorder.

A77 Professional Inputs

The A77 professional recorder is available in 7 /15 IPS half & full track configuration and is fitted with Cannon XLR connectors on inputs and outputs. Inputs are balanced, line level and require +8dBM for full tape modulation. The input levels are preset and no front panel adjustments are provided. The outputs have independent line amplifiers providing a balanced +8dBM preset line level. In addition an adjustable output is provided to feed headphones or unbalanced equipment. Optional plug in 8 watt amplifiers are available for the half track machine to drive external speakers or the 4 internal speakers included in the suitcase version. Specifications

Line: balanced; sensitivity +8dBM (preset for full modulation; Cannon XLR3 connectors.


A77 S. L. S.
(Super Low Speed)

The A77 is available ina super low speed of 15/16 & 1-7/8 IPS. With the A77 super low speed 15/16 IPS version Revox reliability is now available for all logging applications. Over 12 hours can be recorded in one pass on two tracks, with 3,600 feet of tape. With a modification to the end of tape lamp circuits, two machines can be linked to provide automatic logging for 24 hours.

The S. L. S. model combines mechanical simplicity and proven reliability with a very reasonable cost. A true alternative to complex and costly loggers.

The A77 S. L. S. is available in half and quarter track formats.

SPECIFICATIONS

15/16 IPS

Frequency Response

60-5000 Hz +2 -3dB

Wow and Flutter

. 3%

Recorded Peak Level

140 NWB

Distortion at
140NWB/Revox 601 Tape

Less than 3%

S /N ratio, unweighted

Greater than 46dB

Erase Efficiency

Greater than 68dB


A77 Autostart (Vox)

The A77 Autostart machine automatically goes into the record mode in the presence of a signal. It will continue to record for up to 7 seconds (variable) after the signal has been removed and then stops. (Trigger sensitivity is variable for each channel). The A77 Autostart is ideal for any operator unattended monitoring application where good recording quality (7 IPS) is required. For example Radio stations can use this Revox machine to receive network news feeds automatically. Security firms who must record telephone calls can do so backed up by Revox dependability.

The A77 Autostart has the same fine specifications as the regular model 11102 (a push for Manual button disables the auto start circuitry for normal operation) and is available in quarter and half track formats at 3 and 7 IPS. All figures quoted are minimum performance values as measured with REVOX 601 professional tape.

They are valid for two and four-track recorders, except where otherwise stated.

Tape Drive Mechanism Design principle:
3-motor tape drive mechanism, electronically regulated servo capstan motor

Tape speeds: 3 and 7 ips, selected by electronic switching. Deviation from nominal 0.2%
Wow and flutter: weighted,
at 7 ips, less than 0.08%
at 3 ips. less than 0.1%

Measured in accordance with IEEE standard 193-1971 (consistent with DIN 45507)

Tape slip: not exceeding 0.2%

Tape reel dimension: up to 10" outside diameter (minimum hub diameter 2 3/8 ")

Uninterrupted playing time:
with long playing tape 3600 feet, 3 hours 12 mins. at 3 ips. 1 hour 36 mins. at 7 ips

Operating positions: horizontal, vertical or inclined. Remote control: momentary contact switching for all functions

Electronics
Semi Conductor Complement: 54 transistors, 32 diodes. 4 silicon rectifiers, 1 light dependent resistor. 4 relays

Amplifier: plug-in printed circuit boards

Frequency response: measured via tape at 7 ips.
30-20,000 Hz 2/-3dB
50-15,000 Hz 1.5 dB
at 3 ips.
30-16.000 Hz +2/-3dB
50-10.000 Hz 1.5 dB

Equalization: recording as per NAB*, playback as per NAB* or IEC (switchable)
(consistent with DIN 45513/H)

Distortion: measured via tape at 1 kHz peak level and 0 VU respectively at 7 ips, less than 2% or 0.6% respectively
at 3 ips, less than 3% or 1% respectively

Signal to noise ratio: measured via tape,
weighted as per ASA - A:
at 7 ips, better than 66 dB
4-track better than 62 dB
at 3 ips, better than 63 dB
4-track better than 59 dB

Crosstalk: at 1000 Hz for monophonic operation, better than 60 dB, stereophonic operation, better than 45 dB

Oscillator frequency: 120 kHz (push-pull oscillator)

Overload margin for each input: 40 dB

Inputs per channel

Microphone (switchable for high and low impedance microphones): Sensitivity for 50-600 ohms low impedance microphones: 0. 15 mV. maximum 15 mV
Input impedance 2. 2 k ohms

Sensitivity for high impedance microphones up to 100 k ohms: 2. 5 mV. maximum 250 mV. Input impedance: 220 k ohms
Input connectors RCA-phono sockets and phone jacks
Radio: sensitivity 2.5 mV. maximum 250 mV, input impedance 33 k ohms
Input connector 5-pin DIN socket

Auxiliary input: sensitivity 35 mV, maximum 3. 5 V,
input impedance 1 M ohm
Input connectors RCA-Phono sockets

Outputs per channel

Output for amplifier: maximum output voltage 2. 5 V. source impedance 600 ohms
Output connector RCA-phono socket
Output for radio: maximum output voltage 1.2 V, internal impedance 2. 5 k ohms
Output connector 5-pin DIN socket
Output for headphones: recommended load impedance 200 ohms or higher, volume adjustable
Output connector phone jack

Power output stages: optional plug-in amplifiers, all performance characteristics conform to DIN 45500
8 watts continuous average power per channel, measured with a load impedance of 8 ohms at a maximum total harmonic distortion of 1%. Loudspeakers having a nominal impedance of 4 to 16 ohms may be connected.

Loudspeakers (2 per channel in the suitcase model) will be automatically disconnected when plugging external loudspeakers into the respective DIN output sockets.

Power requirement: electronically regulated power supply.

Operation on 50 to 60 Hz power line without the need for change-over. Power consumption without power stages 70 W approximately, with power stages 70 to 100 W. fuse rating.
110 to 150V: 1 amp, slo-blo

Weight: approximately 33 pounds

Model variations: walnut cabinet or metal case with or without power amplifiers, suitcase model with built-in loudspeakers, 2-track or 4-track version
Technical Specifications (General)

Dimensions:

Standard

Carrying case

Width

415 mm (16.33)

514 mm (20.23)

Height

359 mm (14.13)

380 mm (15.00)

Depth

180 mm ( 7.08)

224 mm ( 8.81)
incl. cover

With 26.5 cm (10.5 inch) reels (all models), max. width 539 (21.22), max. height 442 (17.40).


STUDER INTERNATIONAL AG
CH-8105 Regensdorf, Switzerland
Althardstrasse 150
Phone 01 8402960
Telex 58489stuich


Other important advantages of the new REVOX tape recorder A77 are calibrated VU-meters, a photo-electric end-of-tape switch, a four-digit tape position indicator and a separate output for stereo headphones with its own volume and balance controls. Facilities for switching off the spooling motors and a special button for tape editing.

3 MOTOR TAPE TRANSPORT SYSTEM

The new REVOX A77 employs the classic three motor tape-transport system. The recently developed capstan motor drives the tape at constant speed.

Two further motors provide back tension from the feed spool and a constant take-up tension for the take-up spool. Furthermore, these motors, which are of original low weight-high torque design, permit a very smooth and fast tape wind. Only with three motors is it possible to provide each of the tape drive functions with the optimum characteristics. The same applies to the electro-magnetically operated servo-assisted brakes, which have proven themselves in the professional studio machines, as well as in previous REVOX.

50 OR 60 CYCLE OPERATION WITHOUT ADJUSTMENT

The speed of the new capstan motor is no longer governed by the mains frequency as in the case of the usual synchronous or nonsynchronous motors. The speed of the motor is measured by means of a tacho head which does not touch the moving parts and kept constant by means of the electronic governor. The new motor will run at an extremely constant speed independent of the mains frequency.

 

ELECTRONICALLY GOVERNED CAPSTAN MOTOR

With the development of an electronically governed capstan motor REVOX have once again pioneered in the field of magnetic recording. The new motors are smaller, lighter and has much lower current consumption and considerable reserve power. Furthermore, the speed constancy is completely independent of the normal mains frequency and voltage fluctuations.

ELECTRONIC SPEED CHANGE

The change in the motor revolution: for the two tape speeds of 7 1/2 ips (19 cm/sec) and 3 3/4 ips (9,5 cm/sec) is effected by means of the electronic governor. The speed change is effected by means of one single low current switch ensuring high reliability and long life.

ALL METAL STEREO HEADS

The rigid die-cast head block holds three stereo heads. Two of them, the separate record and replay heads, are all-metal professional heads. These high quality heads were specially developed for the REVOX tape recorder A77 These heads ere the result of valuable experience, which we gained in the construction of all-metal heads for studio tape recorders.

 

SILICON PLANAR TRANSISTORS

are used throughout the series A77. The types used are all metal cased thus ensuring maximum stability and long life. Where condenser values are critical tantalum has been chosen. All the amplifier electronics are built on plug-in printed circuit boards. The contacts do not have the usual tinned coating, but ere heavily gold plated over a hard nickel skin. This process has already proved highly successful in our transistorised studio machines.

The cable connections between the individual sub-assemblies are also made via plugs and sockets. Although an expensive method of construction we can thereby guarantee high reliability and serviceability. The electronic stabilisation of the supply voltage to the amplifiers and the oscillator make the performance of the machine independent of mains voltage fluctuations. Together with the electronically governed capstan motor this ensures important advantages when driving the machine from a battery by means of vibrators or rotary converters.

The tradition of quality at the REVOX works is based on several decades of experience in the manufacture of high quality tape recorders. Our experienced engineers and technicians have advanced the fundamental concepts of tape recorder design in the development of the REVOX A77. In addition they have developed a matching range of high fidelity units which are capable of making full use of the performance of the REVOX A77 hereby providing the discriminating music lover or professional user, with a complete system of unparallel excellence. The system comprises a high power hi-fi amplifier of 2 x 40 Watts with silicone planar transistors throughout. A supreme FM-tuner with 'field effect' input stage and integrated IF circuit designed to give the highest quality stereo FM reception, even under the most difficult conditions.

 


Back to the A77 main page